Interlocking Door Systems and Access Control Systems are being used more and more frequently for commercial and other public buildings. Airports, schools, and government buildings are incorporating Interlocking Door Systems and other security solutions to boost safety and security for their facilities.
Simple mantrap doors are familiar to some. However, as a whole these Interlocking Security Door’s system complexity increases dramatically as more related doors, screening sensors, or connecting rooms are added. At Isotec we design Interlocking Door Systems and Access Control Systems that include card access systems, biometrics, etc. that govern the interlocking doors, to ensure compatibility with local building codes.
The following is Isotec’s comprehensive regimen for designing & engineering Interlocking Door Systems. Isotec’s expertise for engineering site-specific Interlocking Security Doors, hardware, and component configurations is unsurpassed.
Please note: while some projects use standardized specifications developed by the owner from prior sites, others may require unique requirements that Isotec will translate into a site-specific system prior to installation.
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Define the Objective: Some Interlocking Door Systems or Access Control Systems have site-specific applications for places such as detention centers, casinos or government sites. These Interlocking Security Doors typically incorporate credentialed access and require that both the doors be normally locked. Bio-medical and pharmaceutical sites, on the other hand, may use a security access control system to provide a higher degree of security and to isolate security threats.
Program Door Functionalities: The next step in designing an interlocking door system is to determine what Access Control Systems would benefit a facility’s requirements for occupancy and entrance/egress throughput. Floor plans, blueprints or “as built plans” detailing access points help to determine the required PLC’s ladder logic.
Scenario of Operation: For security purposes one door is normally locked. Opening either door causes the other door to lock, preventing it from being opened while the first door is open. Isotec programs these security door systems to be “fail-safe”, meaning that both doors automatically unlock in the event of an emergency or override.
Monitoring Door Status: Isotec uses PLCs to monitor and control Interlocking Doors. The PLC operates in accordance with pre-determined algorithms to meet the scenario of operation required by the end user.
Available hardware: Isotec primarily uses magnetic locks (AKA maglock) to secure our Interlocking Security Doors. The maglocks have a minimum 1200lbs “pull force” rating. Higher levels of pull force are also available. Isotec may also use a combination of “door strikes”, fail-safe maglocks and fail-secure strikes. These combinations are determined by the security requisites and life safety codes.
Credentialed Access: At Isotec, we use credentialed access that incorporates biometric, PIN or card driven devices for access through one of these Interlocking Door Systems. In necessary cases, our Access Control Systems also can function using double “positive ID verification.” Valid credentials will activate the interlock door relays for a preset time. If the related doors are secure, the PLC will unlock the door following the state of the request-for-access input. Multiple requests-for-access are held pending until the door can be unlocked or the access request times out.
Automatic Doors: Automatic interlocking doors require special considerations. Mantrap door systems are typically powered open and powered closed with a built-in time delay and various safety sensors. The throughput of fully automated security door systems will be determined by local codes, which require safe operating speeds for one of these Interlocking Door Systems.
Status Lights: These Access Control Systems Status light displays indicate if a door is locked (red light) or unlocked (green light). Depending on the required “scenarios of operation”, some security door systems may use three colored status light displays (red, amber and green).
Fail Safe Emergency Overrides: In an emergency, the fire alarm relay on our Interlocking Security Doors is used to unlock maglocks and failsafe strikes. Other override controls are programmed into the operator console and wireless push-button remotes included with each system. Time-delayed relocks to override the door interlocks, or a custom PLC sequence of operations are specified by the end user.
Security is a concept, what’s yours? It is critical to understand a facility’s safety and security protocols to determine the appropriate Interlocking Door Systems and Access Control Systems that would fit your needs. Designs and functionalities will vary as based on the needs of the facility and the end users’ concept or requisite for safety and security.